To move to the next step, practitioner-researchers then develop a focus for their project. This can be accomplished in a number of ways. A simple process can include addressing the following questions:
Here is an example of a worksheet for developing a focus.
Worksheet: Developing Specific Research Questions2
2Adapted and modified by Social Publishers Foundation (2016) from E. Polush’s unpublished materials.
Note. The Foundation provides MENTORING services for those who need assistance with project design, proposal writing, and report writing. If you would like to receive assistance, please contact us by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org.
If this is the first time you plan to conduct practitioner-research, participatory research or action research, there are many references available for you. A few titles are listed below.
Dana, N. F., & Yondol-Hoppey, D. (2014). The reflective educator’s guide to classroom research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
Hong, E., & Rowell, L. (2019). Challenging knowledge monopoly in education in the U.S. through democratizing knowledge production and dissemination. Educational Action Research, 27(1), 125-143.
Kapoor, D., & Jordan, S. (Eds). (2009). Education, participatory action research, and social change: International perspectives. New York: Palgrave McMillan.
Koshy, V. (2010). Action research for improving educational practice: A step-by-step guide (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mertler, C. A. (2014). Action research: Improving schools and empowering educators. Los Angeles: Sage.
Mertler, C. A. (2019). The Wiley handbook of action research in education. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
Pine, G. J. (2009). Teacher action research: Building knowledge democracies. Los Angeles: Sage.
Rowell, L. L. (2019). Rigor in educational action research and the construction of knowledge democracies. In C. A. Mertler (Ed.) The Wiley handbook of action research in education (pp. 117-138). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
Rowell, L. L., Bruce, C. D., Shosh, J. M., & Riel, M. M. (Eds.). (2017). Palgrave international handbook of action research. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.