References and Links

Many good resources for conducting practitioner-research, participatory research, or action research, are available in books, journal articles, and on websites.  Whether a novice or experienced practitioner-researcher, these resources can be helpful. The lists below are not exhaustive but represent what the Foundation considers very good quality references.

Note. The Foundation provides MENTORING services for those who need assistance with project design, proposal writing, and report writing. If you would like to receive assistance, please contact us by writing to



Caro-Bruce, C., Flessner, R., Klehr, M., & Zeichner, K. (Eds.). (2007). Creating equitable classrooms through action research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Dana, N. F., & Yondol-Hoppey, D. (2014). The reflective educator’s guide to classroom research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

de Sousa Santos, B. (2014). Epistemologies of the South: Justice Against Epistemicide. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

de Sousa Santos, B. (2008). Another knowledge is possible: Beyond Northern epistemologies. London: Verso.

Fals-Borda, O., & Rahman, M. A. (1991). Action and knowledge: Breaking the monopoly with participatory action research. New York: Apex Press.

Feldman, A., & Rowell, L. (Eds.). (2019). Special issue on Knowledge Democracy: Part 2. Educational Action Research, 27(3).

Gunnarsson, E., Hansen, H. P., Nielsen, B. S., & Sriskandarajah, N. (Eds.). (2016). Action research for democracy: New ideas and perspectives from Scandinavia. London: Routledge.

Hollingsworth, S. (ed). (1997). International action research: A casebook for educational reform. London: The Falmer Press.

Hong, E., & Rowell, L. (2019). Challenging knowledge monopoly in education in the U.S. through democratizing knowledge production and dissemination. Educational Action Research, 27(1), 125-143.

Kapoor, D., & Jordan, S. (Eds). (2009). Education, participatory action research, and social change: International perspectives. New York: Palgrave McMillan.

Koshy, V. (2010). Action research for improving educational practice: A step-by-step guide (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Martinez-Vargas, C. (2022). Democratizing participatory research: Pathways to social justice from the South. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.

McNiff, J. (2002). Action Research for Professional Development (3d Ed.).

Mertler, C. A. (2014). Action research: Improving schools and empowering educators. Los Angeles: Sage.

Mertler, C. A. (2019). The Wiley handbook of action research in education. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Pine, G. J. (2009). Teacher action research: Building knowledge democracies. Los Angeles: Sage.

Rapapport, J. (2020). Cowards don't make history: Orlando Fals Borda and the origins of participatory action research. Durham: Duke University Press.

Rebolledo, P., Smith, R. & Bullock, D. (2016). Champion Teachers: Stories of exploratory action research.

Riel, M. (2010-2019). Understanding Collaborative Action Research. Center for Collaborative Action Research. Pepperdine University CA, USA.

Rowell, L. L. (2019). Rigor in educational action research and the construction of knowledge democracies. In C. A. Mertler (Ed.) The Wiley handbook of action research in education (pp. 117-138). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Rowell, L. L., Bruce, C. D., Shosh, J. M., & Riel, M. M. (Eds.). (2017). Palgrave international handbook of action research. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rowell, L. L., & Feldman, A. (Eds.). (2019). Special issue on Knowledge Democracy: Part 1. Educational Action Research, 27(1).

Sagor, R., & Williams, C. (2017). The action research guidebook (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Sagor, R. (2010). Collaborative action research for professional learning communities. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.

Smith, R., & Rebolledo, P. (2018). Handbook for Exploratory Action Research.  or online_aw.pdf

Wood, L., Morar, T., & Mostert, L. (2006). From rhetoric to reality: The role of Living Theory Action Research in transforming education.



Action Research Network of the Americas (ARNA).  The Action Research Network of the Americas (ARNA) unites college and university students and faculty conducting practitioner inquiry into teaching and learning with fellow action researchers in public schools, private schools, community settings and workplaces throughout the Americas.

Action Research: Global Conversations.  This podcast site, created by Linnea Rademaker, features conversations with action researchers around the globe, working in diverse contexts, discussing the challenges, nuances, and innovative advances in action research.

Action Research Pod Cast.  Intended mostly for those interested in research and social change, The Action Research Podcast aims to offer unique and valuable information for the field through accessible and engaging conversations about the "what" "why" and "how" of Action Research.

Center for Collaborative Action Research (CCAR).  CCAR links together educators, researchers, and community organizers. The Center's aim is to create deep understanding of important social problems in a range of different contexts including, but not limited to schools, and to encourage evidence-based reasoning to solve these problems. The Center shares collaborative action research projects and supports the development of "knowledge-building" communities making use of innovative technology tools. The goal is to share what others are doing to reinvigorate their workplace with the capacity to reflect and adapt to evolving needs.

Center for Collaborative Action Research. (2019). Action research tutorial.

Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN).  The Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN) is committed to supporting and improving the quality of professional practice, through systematic, critical, and creative inquiry into the goals, processes and contexts of professional work.Dick, B. (2019). Action research and evaluation on line, an online action research course offered twice a year.

Engage for Equity. (An initiative of the University of New Mexico’s Center for Participatory Research; in particular, the Tools and Resources section of the website is helpful).

Feminist Participatory Research  & Educational and Teacher Action Research.

Knowledge Democracy Initiative (KDI) of ARNA. The KDI explores democratization of knowledge production and dissemination as a basis for inclusive and humanistic public discourse and policy-making. The website was created originally as a part of the organizing of the 1st Global Assembly for Knowledge Democracy in 2017 and is now the platform for ARNA's Strategic Priority #1. 

Participatory Action Research - Feminist Trailblazers Project. A Podcast on Anchor:

The Action Research Tutorials. This site,, is comprised of a set of twelve freely available lessons to learn how to engage in action research. Each lesson includes a video introduction, a set of activities, and the resources to support the activities. There is also a workbook that can be used to support the activities. A link to a Facebook Group,, is included for those who want to receive feedback on the action research tutorials. 

The STAR-ARNA-ARC community. This community,, supports teachers of action research as part of the Action Research Network of the Americas. It is a rich meta-level discussion by action researchers developing deeper knowledge about the process of teaching others to engage in action research. 

YPAR Hub. One of the most useful resources for youth participatory action research (YPAR). The website provides resources for getting started, defining issues, investigating, and taking action. It is written in an engaging manner for youth, ages 13-18, and for adults supporting youth engaged with YPAR.


View the Resources: Starting a Project on this website

View the Resources: Publishing with SPF on this website